Grandfathers Teachings

Western Port au Port Peninsula, Newfoundland

Kwesowaak, Pukt aq Pukt Kwe’sawe’k, Taqamkuk

The Mi'kmaq Grandfathers Teachings

Following these teachings will lead you down the path of Decolonizing

While it is understood that not all will follow the rules at all times, most Mi’kmaq people try to respect them.

    The Seven Grandfather Teachings:
  1. • Nsituo’qn—Wisdom: To cherish knowledge is to know Wisdom. Wisdom is given by the Creator to be used for the good of the people.
  2. • Kesaltultimk—Love: To know Love is to know peace. Love must be unconditional. When people are weak they need love the most.
  3. • Kepmite’teken—Respect: To honor all creation is to have Respect. All of creation should be treated with respect. You must give respect if you wish to be respected.
  4. • Mlkna—Bravery: Bravery is to face the foe with integrity. In the Mi’kmaq language, this word literally means "state of having a fearless heart." To do what is right even when the consequences are unpleasant.
  5. • Koqaja’teken—Honesty: Honesty in facing a situation is to be brave. Always be honest in word and action. Be honest first with yourself, and you will more easily be able to be honest with others. In the Mi’kmaq language, this word can also mean "righteousness, doing what is right."
  6. • Wanqwajite’teken—Humility: Humility is to know yourself as a sacred part of Creation. In the Mi’kmaq language, this word can also mean "compassion." You are equal to others, but you are not better.
  7. • Tetpaqa’q—Truth: Truth is to know all of these things. Speak the truth. Do not deceive yourself or lie to others.


Copyright © Benoit First Nation