This Month in History
Peskewikús - Birds Shed Feathers Time
1 - 1984 - Noel Doucette resigns as president of the Union of Nova Scotia
1995 - Grand Chief Ben Sylliboy officially opens the 400 meter
Mi'kmaq Trail - Mi'kmaw- awti'j - at Louisbourg.
2 - 1762 - In his letter of July 2, Jonathan Belcher writes to the Lords of Trade, "If the
Proclamation had been issued at large, the Indians might have been incited to
have made extravagant and unwarrantable demands, to the disquiet and perplexity
of the New Settlements in the Province."
1997 - Thirteen Mi'kmaq chiefs of Nova Scotia sign the Tripartite Forum Memorandum of Understanding with the federal and provincial governments. The forum is initiated to resolve issues among the three governments.
3 - 1991 - The Millbrook band council and
the Confederacy of Mainland Mi'kmaq honour five elders: Bill Paul, Martha
Julian, Rachel Marshall, Mary Ann Brooks, and Sandy Julian.
4 - 1975 -
Important archaeological site is found on Ingonish Island. A large site, it was
occupied by Paleo-Indian and Early Archaic Indian people. Artifacts found date
back 7,000 to 9,000 years ago. The site is named Geganisg, a Mi'kmaw
word meaning 'remarkable place'.
5 - 1982 - Sister Veronica Matthews
celebrates 25 years with the Sisters of St. Martha. She is the daughter of
Michael and Agnes Matthews of Eskasoni.
1985 - The Union of Nova Scotia
Indians signs agreement with the province of Nova Scotia giving the former
control of their own family and children services.
6 - 1982 - Micmac News
reports in its July issue that contestants in a pie eating contest held in
Membertou in the 12-14 year age category threw the remainders of their pies at
acting judges of the event, Eleanor Ginnish and John Edward Kabatay, after they
named Tina Paul the winner!
7 - 1998 - Crew of the Spirit Wind
leaves Miawpukek - Conne River - Newfoundland to paddle to Potlotek - Chapel
Island - Cape Breton in the hope of reaching it by July 26. The journey is later
released as a documentary film made by Cathy Martin.
8 - 1880 - Joseph
Snake dies in Prince Edward Island. In 1859 he was appointed Head Chief of the
P.E.I. Mi'kmaq by the Queen's Commission. He was born in 1786 near Murray
9 - 1993 - John Joe Sark, representing the Grand Council attends
a meeting of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, Working Group on
Indigenous Populations. Several interventions on behalf of the Grand Council are
10 - 1988 - Powwow '88 closes in Halifax. Held at Seaview Park,
July 6-10, the event attracts over 5,000 visitors.
11 - 1969 - First
organizational meeting of the Union of Nova Scotia Indians is held, attended by
chiefs and councilors. This followed from the original working committee
established in May of that year.
12 - 1994 - Solicitor General of Canada,
Herb Grey, Grand Chief Ben Sylliboy, and Nova Scotia Premier John Savage sign a
Canada - Nova Scotia - Unama'ki Police Service Agreement to set up the first
native police force in Atlantic Canada.
13 - 1971 - Charles Labrador
elected as first chief of Acadia after it was officially given band status on
June 8, 1965.
14 - 1896 - Benjamin Edmond Christmas is born in Port
Morien, N.S., the son of Chief Joseph and Madeline (neé Richards) Christmas of
the King's Road Reserve. Elected chief in 1919, he helped move the reserve from
King's Road to its current location and changed its name in honour of the first
grand chief, Membertou. Married Jane Denny, Ben learned much about Mi'kmaq
prayer and hymns from her father Peter Paul Denny Sr. and was a respected
translator and prayer leader until his death in 1966.
The July 1993
edition of the Micmac Maliseet Nations News reports a new office building
constructed on Gottingen Street in Halifax will not be named "Cornwallis Court"
as originally planned. Due to the efforts of Daniel Paul, the Cornwallis Court
sign is removed and with it any homage to the late Lord Edward
15 - 1976 - President of the Union of New Brunswick Indians
presents a petition to Queen Elizabeth II regarding "illegal abrogation of
traditional and Aboriginal lands and rights of the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet people
of New Brunswick". The petition urges the Queen to "redress the injuries
perpetrated on the Micmac and Maliseet people."
15 & 16 - 2006 The Bay St. George Mi'kmaq Cultural Revival Committee holds it's first annual Pow wow in Flat Bay, NL. The Committee included Chiefs of the 6 Local Bands; Indian Head 1st Nation, Port au Port Indian Band, St. Georges Indian Band, Flat Bay Indian Band and Benoit 1st Nation with Chief Jasen Benwah.
16 - 1986 - Waltes
Tournament is the highlight of the Nova Scotia Indian Summer Games at Cambridge
Reserve in the Annapolis Valley.
17 - 1776 - The Mi'kmaq and the United
States government sign a friendship and alliance agreement known as the
18 - 1999 - Saqamaw Mise'l, along with Donny Benoit, Gerard Jeddore, Andrew Joe, Ricky Jeddore and Sulian Joe landed at our holy site of Chapel Island, Unama'kik (Cape Breton) having paddled a birch bark canoe, SAPE'UTKWJU'SN, from Cape Ray, Ktaqmkuk. This trip was planned and made to both commemorate and prove that such journeys were indeed made by our forefathers. We built the canoe using traditional methods, materials and tools.
1991 - Launch of the newly published book,
"Paqtatek - Policy and Consciousness in Mi'kmaq Life" at Pages Bookstore,
Charlotte Street, Sydney.
1999 - The canoe Spirit Wind with its
Mi'kmaq crew led by Sagamaw Mi'sel Joe arrives in Neil's Harbour, Cape Breton,
after completing a journey from Newfoundland across the Cabot Strait to Nova
Scotia. Such a journey had not been made in over a hundred years.
1998 - At the Third Annual Watertown Treaty Day Parade, there is a recitation of
the poem "Sma'knis" written by the late Will Basque. He is credited with
discovery of the Watertown Treaty in the 1970's and had passed away earlier in
1998 from a heart attack.
20 - St. George's Bay, NL. Mi'kmaq couple, Francois Benoit and Anne L'Official, have their marriage reavalidated at St. Pierre in 1790
- July 1991 Micmac Maliseet Nations News
reports launch of the book, "Metepenagiag - New Brunswick's Oldest Village" at
Red Bank First Nation. The book by Patricia Allen, illustrated by Roger Simon,
is a history of Red Bank, where over 100 archaeological sites have been studied,
including Oxbow and the Augustine Mound.
21 - 1860 SAQAMAW MAURICE LOUIS RECEIVED HIS LEADERSHIP FROM SECOND GRAND CHIEF AT SYDNEY, NS. KTAQMKUK BECOMES THE "EIGHT" DISTRICT OF THE GREAT MI'KMAQ NATION.
21 - 1974 - Clearing begins on
land intended for the Abenaki Motel near Truro, N.S. This is the first wholly
Mi'kmaq owned motel in the Maritimes.
21 - 1860 - SAQAMAW MAURICE LOUIS RECEIVED HIS LEADERSHIP FROM SECOND GRAND CHIEF AT SYDNEY, NS. KTAQMKUK BECOMES THE "EIGHT" DISTRICT OF THE GREAT MI'KMAQ NATION.
21 - 2014 - Benoit 1st Nation begins construction on the Mi'kmaq Cultural Centre in Cape St. George, NL
22 - 1948, the Newfoundland Referendum result was a victory for Confederation, with 78 323 votes (52.3%), over 71 334 votes (47.7%) for responsible government. Whole regions of the province were not included in the vote. The vote was as was rigged and currupt as the Merchants and Politicians.
21 - Spotted Wolf's birthday- je'sn penwa, founder of the St. George's Bay Mi'kmaq website, received his Mi'kmaw name while from a Mi'kmaq Elder. je'sn makes his family home in Cape St. George, out on the Port au Port Peninsula. He has made it his calling to do his part and revitalize the Mi'kmaq culture and identity to his people in Nujio'qoniik, Ktaqmuk.
1991 - July issue of the
Micmac News reports Bernd Christmas, son of Elizabeth and Stephen Christmas, is
the first Mi'kmaw student to graduate from Toronto's Osgoode Hall Law School the
23 - 1900 - Grand Chief John Denny makes Peter Paul Denny
Sr. an elegeoit of Mi'kmaq prayers and hymns in a ceremony at Chapel
Island. The son of Paul and Susan (neé Phillips) Denny of Eskasoni, he was a
noted reader of hieroglyphics and taught Father Pacifique. He was the father of
Jane Denny, who married Chief Ben Christmas of Membertou, who shared his
father-in-law's interest in the Mi'kmaq language.
1978 - "Poems of Rita
Joe" published by Abenaki Press.
24 - 1997 - 100th Anniversary of
Merrigomish Island Mission. Many residents of Pictou Landing First Nation are
descendants of the original Mi'kmaq on Indian Island.
1996 - Chief Noel
Doucette of Chapel Island, formerly of Membertou, dies at age 58 in Victoria
General Hospital. The son of Noel and Cecelia (neé Christmas) Doucette, he was a
prominent figure on the Mi'kmaq political scene in Nova Scotia throughout his
25 - 1984 - For the first time in 65 years, more than 100 native
people walk to the site of the old Fort Folly Reserve in New Brunswick to mark
St. Anne's Day. Fort Folly was finally deserted in the 1930's. According to
legend, gold coins seen on the shores of the Petitcodiac near Fort Folly during
low tide were thought to be the last remains of pirate treasure buried in the
26 - 1919 - a year after the League of Indians of Canada was founded and a scheme to centralize Mi'kmaq in NS first arose and a year before Duncan Campbell Scott, Head of Indian Affairs in Canada, would state..."I want to get rid of the Indian. Our object is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed", Saqamaw Gietol (We'jitu) Noel Jeddore was blessed as Saqamaw by Rev. P. F. Adams and Rev. S. St. Croix, PP.
1750 - Father Pierre Maillard settles in Chapel Island, where
he made his first sermon eight years earlier. Father Maillard learned the
Mi'kmaq language and later devised a written text based on it. Still remembered
by the Mi'kmaq, one of the streets in Membertou First Nation was named after him
nearly 240 years after his death.
1964 - Donald Marshall Sr. is elected
Grand Chief following the death of the former Grand Chief Gabriel Sylliboy, who
had passed away the previous May.
26 - Birthday of St. Anne -
1982 - Twins are reunited: the Cremo twins -
Margaret and Mary - are reunited at Mission in Afton. Margaret Whitely who had
lived in the United States for the past 25 years finally sees her twin sister
Mary Sack of Shubenacadie again.
1992 - New Grand Chief Ben Sylliboy is
sworn in at ceremonies at Chapel Island during 250th anniversary
1997 - John Martin is elected chief of Gesgapegiag,
defeating 19 other candidates. This would be the community's first public
swearing in ceremony.
27 - 1975 saw the official opening of Conne River sawmill.
1989 - For the first time, a Catholic Bishop,
Colin Campbell, leads Mission at Chapel Island.
28 - 1979 - Bob Rupert
reports that Vivian Basque's (neé Denny) claim that it never rains on Chapel
Island during the St. Anne's Procession on Sunday is true!
1987 - Darrell
Googoo of Indian Brook wins a 5-mile race with a time of 28 minutes, 29 seconds
in the 10th Annual Indian Summer Games held at Chapel Island. Stephen Marshall
comes in second with a time of 29 minutes, 32 seconds, but later places first in
the 10 mile run with a time of 62 minutes, 29 seconds.
1989 - For the
first time in twenty years, the Union of Nova Scotia Indians executive is
brought back for another two year term by acclamation, making it the third
consecutive term for President Alex Christmas, VP Mainland Reg Maloney, VP Cape
Breton Roderick Googoo, and Secretary/Treasurer Carl Gould.
Eskasoni ambulance drivers Noel Joe and Marcus Simon rescue an abandoned baby
beaver on the Northside East Bay Highway. "Wally" as he is later named will be
cared for at the home of Eugene and Sylvia Denny until he can be returned to the
29 - 1727 - English forbid any trading between the Mi'kmaq and the
French in Acadia.
30 - 1991 - Micmac Maliseet Nations News reports that
Graydon Nicholas of Tobique is the first Aboriginal person in Atlantic Canada to
be appointed to the Bench. He was sworn in as Judge of the Provincial Court of
31 - 1986 - Former chief of Restigouche, Alphonse Metallic
dies at age 58. He rose to national attention in 1981 when he refused to accept
provincial jurisdiction over fishing rights. A published linguist with two
Mi'kmaq dictionaries to his credit, he was also a member of the National Council
of Elders, the Grand Council, Assembly of First Nations, Council of Quebec
Indians, Mi'kmaq Association of Cultural Studies, and the Membertou
Signtasimegeoeim Advisory Board.
Mi'kmaq Resource Centre Book of Days for the Mi'kmaq Year
Micmac News 1970-1991
Micmac Maliseet Nations News 1992 - 2002
Mi'kmaq Past and Present: A Resource Guide N.S. Dept. of Education
Nova Scotia Virtual Archives Mi'kmaq Photo Collection On-Line
Mac Leod, Heather.
Past Nature: Public Accounts of Nova Scotia's Landscape, 1600-1900
1995 St. Mary's University Ph.D. Thesis.
Mi'kmaq Association of Cultural Studies.
Micmac Hymnal 1984.
The Cape Breton Book of Days 1984 Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press.
Paul, Daniel M.
We Were Not the Savages: 21st Century Edition 2000 Halifax: Fernwood Publishing.
Mi'kmaq Months of the Year From a series of posters produced for the Millbrook Literacy Center by Eastern Woodlands Publishing.
No Man's Land: British and Mi'kmaq in 18th and 19th Century Acadia
1994 Ph.D. Thesis University of Ottawa.
Ricker, Darlene A.
L'sitkuk: the Story of the Bear River Mi'kmaw Community 1997
Lockport, N.S.: Roseway Publishing Co. Ltd.
Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial 2002 Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Benwah, Jasen Sylvester, Bay St. George Mi'kmaw Researcher, Stephenville, NL.
Renee Jeddore, Conn River
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