This Month in History

April


April - Penamuikús - Birds Lay Eggs Time



1 - Na'q~tpa'luemk na'kwek - April fools day

1 - 2014 - Anne Hart makes presentation to the Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development in respect to Bill C-25, An Act respecting the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Band Order.

1 - 1999- The Miawpukek First Nation and Federation of Newfoundland Indians sign agreements with the Government of Canada. Conne River, Newfoundland — Bill Matthews, MP for Burin-St. George’s, on behalf of the Honourable Jane Stewart, Minister of Human Resources Development Canada, today signed two five-year Aboriginal Human Resources Development agreements worth approximately $12,300,000 with the Miawpukek First Nation and the Federation of Newfoundland Indians.

1 - 1949 - NEWFOUNDLAND JOINED CANADA. ALL MENTION OF OUR PEOPLE ORIGINALLY DISCUSSED IN THE TERMS OF UNION WAS "…PENCILLED OUT"! MI'KMAQ IN NEWFOUNDLAND WERE EXPECTED TO DIE OUT OR BE TOTALLY ASSIMILATED AS "NEWFOUNDLANDERS".

-1986 - Micmac News reports Leonard Paul of Eskasoni may be the first Aboriginal person named to the board of a Crown Corporation - Enterprise Cape Breton. Earlier, Mr. Paul was one of three Nova Scotians to win an award from the Federal Business Development Bank.

2 - The April 1996 issue of the Micmac Maliseet Nation News reports that Doreen Johnson is the first woman to graduate from the Level One Oil Burner Mechanic's Trade Course at Chapel Island. Seven other students also graduated. Two of the participants drove from Pictou Landing every day to receive instruction.

3 - 2002 - Erica Stevens and Semise'l Stevens, both of Eskasoni, come first in their categories - Grades 3 & 4 and 7, 8, & 9 - respectively at the Pictou Speech Festival. Both participants had perfect scores.

4 - 1993 - April edition of the Micmac Maliseet Nations News announces the Restigouche Band has officially changed its name to "Listuguj".

5 - 2002 - Official opening of the new premises of the Mi'kmaq College Institute at University College of Cape Breton.

6 - 1846 - The Nova Scotian newspaper describes recently deceased Chief Isadore of Musquodoboit, as a "venerable old hemlock, through whose branches the storms of ninety years had whistled."

7 - 1991 - Simon "Paksima" Paul dies in Eskasoni.

2002, April 7th, The Stephenville/Stephenville Crossing Band changed it's name to Indian Head First Nations. Indian Head has been in existence for hundreds of years and was mentioned in the writings of W.E. Cormack on his historic journey across Newfoundland, in the early 1800's. In 1822, Cormack listed 150 Mi'kmaq living at Indian Head, with the family names of Benoit, Alexander, Lucoos, Young, Marche, LeBlanc, Gallant, Gabriel, and Cormier.

8 - 1713 - French Minister of Marine Affairs writing to the Baron de St. Caspin says, "The French and Indians of Acadia must look up to the Sun and the Stars from the same land; they must stand shoulder to shoulder on the same battlefield…live together in peace and harmony; and when the time comes, sleep side by side beneath the same sod of their common country."

9 - 1973 - April issue of the Micmac News reports opening of Church of St. Bernadette. It was built through a bequest left to Cambridge Reserve by noted Mi'kmaw guide Stephen Knockwood, who died in 1939 at age 104.

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11 - 1978 - Mi'kmaq children in Nova Scotia stage a boycott of school. Cuts to education without provincial consultation with the bands are cited.

12 - 1918 - Last of the hereditary Grand Chiefs John Denny Jr. dies at age 77. Nearly 300 mourners attend his funeral. He had asked that his young son not assume the Grand Chieftaincy. After consultation with Father Pacifique, it was agreed it would be wrong to ignore John Denny's wishes, so the Council held its first election for Grand Chief, and Gabriel Sylliboy was selected.

13 - 1852 - Through an Order-in-Council the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia granted title of all Indian lands to the Commissioner of Crown Lands for the Province.

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15 - 2002 - Dr. Vance Kruszewski of Millbrook First Nation completes 42 km. Boston Marathon with a time of 3:03:29, shaving 4 minutes off his previous time. Vance became the first Mi'kmaw chiropractor in Nova Scotia in 1998.

16 - 1989 - Nova Scotia Museum hosts program on the 16th century cedar bark weaving technique.

- 2002 - Annie Mae Aquash Award established by the Indigenous Women's Network is given for the second time in three years. Her daughters, Deborah and Denise, and sister, Mary (Hubba) Lafford, attend the ceremony in San Franciso. The award is given in recognition of the work of native women.

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18 - 1990 - Mi'kmaw poet Rita Joe receives Order of Canada.

1991 - An exhibit of paintings by noted Mi'kmaw artist Leonard Paul opens at the Acadia University Beveridge Art Centre to a capacity crowd of 400 patrons. The show is dedicated to Paul's late father Noel.

1983 - April 18, Conne River- ONE HUNDRED TRAVEL TO ST. JOHN'S TO SHOW SUPPORT FOR SAQAMAW MISE'L JOE. This event began on this date and ended on April 29, 1983. .ON APRIL 21, 1983 THIRTY-ONE STAGE AN OCCUPANCY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE (8:15-11:30 AM). THEY ARE FORCED OUT BY THE POLICE AND TWENTY-THREE FACE CHARGES. ON APRIL 22, AT NOON A FAST (HUNGER STRIKE) BEGINS... NINE WARRIORS - SAQAMAW MISE'L, MICHAEL BENOIT, WILFRED DREW, RICKY JEDDORE, ANTLE JOE, AUBREY JOE, CHESLEY JOE, SULIA'N (William Joe) AND SALUSAL (George Drew) PUT THEIR LIVES ON THE LINE FOR AS THEY BEGAN THE FAST.

19 - 1986 - After an 8-year absence from band politics, Charlie Labrador is elected Chief of the Acadia Band.

2001 - UCCB announces academic approval for the Integrative Science Program/Toqa'tu'kl Kjijitaqnn.

20 - Pa'kewimk

1960 - Conn River, Newfoundland SAQAMAW-IN-WAITING ANTLE JOE DIED.

1903 - Nigola Jeddore is born in Conne River, Newfoundland and buried April 20, 1991. A vast wealth of unwritten Mi'kmaq history of Newfoundland, the district of Taqamkuk, is lost with him.

1991 - A public forum is held to discuss the need for a Mi'kmaw treaty delegate in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, sponsored by the Union of Nova Scotia Indians, Native Council of Nova Scotia, Centre for International Studies, and the Grand Council.

Addressing the Treaty Delegate Forum at UCCB, Kji Keptin Alex Denny says, "Before any discussion of the topic of self-government in constitutional discourses can be meaningful, it is necessary to clarify the importance of the relationship between Treaty and other constitutional rights. If this is not accomplished, the solitudes between the Mi'kmaq people and the immigrant communities will continue to hamper our pressing tasks."

21 - 2001 - Miawpukek Pride christened as Miawpukek First Nation embarks on a new business enterprise in the fisheries.

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24 - 2001 - An agreement is signed between Membertou First Nation and Sodhexo Marriott Corporation, an international business conglomerate. It is a sign of Membertou's successful effort to expand its economic horizon in the 21st century.

25 - 1977 - Sante' Mawio'mi and the Union of Nova Scotia Indians present Aboriginal claims to DIAND minister.

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27 - 1992 - "Mi'kmaq", the first thesis entirely written in the Mi'kmaq language is submitted to the Anthropology Department at Saint Mary's University by Eleanor (neé Paul) Johnson of Eskasoni.

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30 - 1984 - The works of Mi'kmaq artists Phillip Young and Alan Sylliboy are featured at the Doomsday Gallery, Barrington Street, Halifax as its final exhibition.


Acknowledgements/Sources

Mi'kmaq Resource Centre Book of Days for the Mi'kmaq Year
Micmac News 1970-1991
Micmac Maliseet Nations News 1992 - 2002
Mi'kmaq Past and Present: A Resource Guide N.S. Dept. of Education
Nova Scotia Virtual Archives Mi'kmaq Photo Collection On-Line
Mac Leod, Heather. Past Nature: Public Accounts of Nova Scotia's Landscape, 1600-1900
1995 St. Mary's University Ph.D. Thesis.
Mi'kmaq Association of Cultural Studies. Micmac Hymnal 1984.
Newton, Pamela. The Cape Breton Book of Days 1984 Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press.
Paul, Daniel M. We Were Not the Savages: 21st Century Edition 2000 Halifax: Fernwood Publishing.
Paul-Martin, Patsy. Mi'kmaq Months of the Year From a series of posters produced for the Millbrook Literacy Center by Eastern Woodlands Publishing.
Reid, Jennifer. No Man's Land: British and Mi'kmaq in 18th and 19th Century Acadia
1994 Ph.D. Thesis University of Ottawa.
Ricker, Darlene A. L'sitkuk: the Story of the Bear River Mi'kmaw Community 1997
Lockport, N.S.: Roseway Publishing Co. Ltd.
Wicken, William. Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial 2002 Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Benwah, Jasen Sylvester, St. George's Bay Mi'kmaq Bay St. George Mi'kmaw Researcher, Stephenville, NL.
Renee Jeddore, http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/2772/ Conn River, NL.



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